Play is the means by which the child learns about the world around him. It is a process by which he grows physically, socially and intellectually. Every normal child spends much of his time in play. it is his path to growth and relief from emotional stress. It’s a serious business to the child and involves hard work.
PLAY PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN FOSTERING DEVELOPMENT IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS.
- COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
- PHYSICAL & MOTOR DEVELOPMENT.
- LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT.
- SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT.
- PROMOTE IMAGINATION & CREATIVITY.
- PLAY ACTS AS A CATHARSIS TO NEGATIVE AND PENT UP FEELINGS.
THE FOLLOWING ARE THE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN PLAY.
A. SOLITARY PLAY: A form of play among a group of children within the same room or area in which each Child is involved in an independent activity using toys. The toys given to children are different from one another. The child concentrates in on particular activity/ particular toy and does not interfere the other child.
B. PARALLEL PLAY: Parallel play is a form of play in which children play adjacent to each other, but do not influence or disturb one another behaviours. Children usually play alone in parallel play, but are interested in what other children are doing.
C. ASSOCIATIVE PLAY: A type of social plays among preschool children in which they interact and share, even though the children are involved in different activity.
D. GROUP PLAY: Play that involves interacting with others for sport and for fun. Here all the children are involved in the same activity.