There are a number of techniques which can be effectively used for the teaching of mathematics. Some of them are: oral work, drill work, home work, assignments, self-study, group work, review and supervised study. They are being discussed here.


What is oral work? It is the work which is done orally without the help of written work and record. It can be defined as mental work, wherein a problem is solved orally, or mentally, without the use of pen and paper. As a matter of fact, much of mathematical work has to be done mentally and many tables have to be learnt by heart. It precedes written work. Of course, when calculations become more complicated and heavy, writing is used as an aid. As mind cannot carry out these calculations orally, written work becomes indispensable. But in all respects, oral work is the backbone not only of written work, but also of overall performance in the subject.


  • It has an appeal for the eye and ear, and this appeal is liked by the students.
  • With the help of oral work, some time can possibly be saved.
  • It is very suitable for securing attention of the students and for making them concentrate. A few oral questions can make them alert and active.
  • It is useful in everyday life, because in actual life pen and paper are often not available and one has to do certain calculations mentally.
  • It helps in elucidation and illustration. The same idea can be effectively illustrated through a sufficient number of oral examples or questions presented in quick succession without much loss of time.
  • It removes shyness of pupils through oral expression.
  • It quickens wit and sharpens intelligence.
  • It is a good mental exercise, because it develops alertness, readiness of mind, quick hearing and quick thinking.
  • It is an effective means of maintaining discipline.
  • Briskness in oral work is stimulating for the students.
  • In case of an error, it helps in its mental cancellation.
  • It is interesting and effective especially in the initial stages of every topic.
  • It is an easy way of testing previous knowledge.
  • It helps in connecting the introduction of a new topic with the previous knowledge of the students.
  • Oral questions enable the teacher to judge whether the students are following the lesson or not.
  • Recapitulation and revision can also be done by well-framed oral questions.
  • The teacher can throughout remain in touch with the class with the help of oral questions.
  • It provides variety in the otherwise monotonous routine of the classroom.
  • If properly used, it can provide motivation.
  • It develops accuracy, exactness and precision.
  • It encourages healthy competition.
  • It builds strong foundation for later written work.


It should be crystal clear from the above mentioned functions or values of oral work, that it has an appeal for the eye and the ear of the child. This appeal has greater value than insistence on written work in the very beginning. Oral work gives a good start to every topic. All new processes and methods should be introduced, and fixed in the child’s mind, orally. Any individual difficulties can be effectively removed by oral work. In certain cases, where repetition is necessary, oral work takes the form of oral drill. Oral recitation or oral repetition of tables is often a source of enjoyment to students. Oral mastery of every new idea by students must be the teacher’s first concern. Every new concept must be given a sufficient oral drill. Oral work is the mainstay of every lesson.


Source: The Teaching of mathematics by KULBIR SINGH SIDHU (Sterling Publisher Pvt Ltd)

Published by rkdskool

I am working in the field of education for more than 15 years. I teach Math. Presently I'm Working as the vice principal in reputed School.

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